Sunrise Kempinski Hotel
Architecture Design by Shanghai Huadu Architect Design Co.
Chief Designer: Zhang Hai Ao
Zhang worked with his team of 60 designers from across the globe, including the UK, Italy, Spain, the US, Holland and the Philippines, who spent 60 days brilliantly developing this amazing building design. “We had an international team because we needed a critical view from people outside of China to give their opinion on modern contemporary Chinese architectural design and to enable us to broaden our ideas on how we can use our design to showcase the Chinese culture to the world,” said Zhang.
The compound is set on 47,678-square-metre (513,202 sq ft) grounds and the building is 97 metres (318.2 ft) high with 21 floors. The top of the building reflects the colour of the sky, the middle of the building reflects the Yanshan Mountain, and the bottom of the building reflects the lake. The exterior glass surface, which is covered by over 10,000 pieces of glass panels, spans 18,075 square metres (194,558 sq ft).
The front view is that of the ‘Rising Sun’ (round shape), symbolic of the fast-developing economy of China. The entrance of the hotel is shaped like the mouth of a fish, symbolising prosperity. From a side-angle view, the hotel building is shaped like a scallop, which represents ‘Fortune’ in Chinese culture. Other Chinese cultural elements are also used in the design details; for example, the side of the building embraces the concept of traditional Chinese panes.
The roof of floor three (where the main round building starts) is a free-form shape, like a cloud. The whole picture then embraces the theme of ‘The Cloud lifting the Sun’.
In the past, Chinese people would stand in awe of the sun, which they believed to reflect the core values of Chinese philosophy – that mankind is an integral part of nature and in order to be harmonious, nature should be respecte
“We not only have to consider the ‘connection’ between the main building and the environment, it is a hotel complex that also involves a private island, so, a vivid visual needs to be created for the guests – resulting in, when a guest looks at Yanqi Lake Kempinski from Yanqi Island, it will really give our guests the beautiful picture of sunrise and sunset,” said Zhang.
Construction of Yanqi Lake Kempinski Hotel Beijing took 24 months with help from over 9,300 construction workers.
The building was constructed with reinforced concrete and all-glass exterior in order to give the best blend between the building and the natural environment. A super stable structure, Zhang shared that the building can even withstand up to a level 8 earthquake.
Zhang said, “People may ask ‘How about the light pollution of this kind of all-glass construction?’ Of course we should be very cautious with this issue, especially where it will influence the long-term development of Huairou district. Before the decision was made to go ahead with this building design, we had to run many tests and check to ensure that this building will not be a contributor to air pollution in this area.”
Environmental protection and sustainable development were main considerations, and all types of advanced environmental protection technology were used in the construction of this building. Compared to other shape types, the round shape of the building will not change the wind environment. On the contrary, the shape of the building will help to maintain the original wind environment and the wind plays a key role in the healthy growth of plants. Within the building, all glass panels are four-layered, a much better choice for energy protection compared to concrete walls – this is in consideration of reducing energy consumption and hotel operational costs in the future.
Yanqi Lake Kempinski is probably the first hotel in China that owns the CCHP Systems Applications, which uses natural gas as the main fuel to supply heating and cooling to the hotel. It is also the first hotel in China to use the Gas Power Generation System to reduce energy consumption. All hotel guestrooms have their independent ventilation apart from the central air conditioning system to keep the air fresh within the building.
The building is equipped with an indoor air quality monitoring system to ensure a healthy and comfortable indoor environment. Air quality in the underground garage is monitored by a CO concentration monitoring system and is equipped with an automatic start-stop fan. The system also monitors the air quality and air ratio in the public areas with a goal to improve indoor air quality and reduce energy consumption.
Solar Photovoltaics – Sustainable Energy Source
Photovoltaics (PV) is a method of generating electrical power by converting solar radiation into electricity through solar panels. PV is applied to the building’s roof and exterior – and any part of the building that is exposed to sunlight. The hotel’s solar power system uses Yanqi Lake’s solar panels which are composed of solar cells containing a photovoltaic material, and are located next to the hotel by the dam.